The Egyptian Ankh cross was adopted by the early Gnostics and the Copts as their emblem, which has since evolved with the regions’ history.
The Christian church of Egypt established by St Mark around 60AD now has diocesses throughout Africa and the Near East. The early Gnostics and Copts adapted the Egyptian Ankh Cross as their emblem, an emblem which has since evolved with the regions' history. Later forms of the Coptic Cross, often called Ethiopian Crosses, have distinctive and intricately interwoven crossed designs and are worn primarily by African Christians.
Those individually cast silver-alloy crosses take three major forms. Those with hollow round bases were mounted and carried on staffs during precessions or displayed on altars. Medium-sized crosses without bases were carried in the hand during services. And small pendant crosses were worn as jewellery.